Angiotensin II subtype 1A (AT1A) receptors in the rat sensory vagal complex: Subcellular localization and association with endogenous angiotensin

J. Huang, Y. Hara, J. Anrather, R. C. Speth, C. Iadecola, V. M. Pickel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 (AT1) receptors are prevalent in the sensory vagal complex including the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and area postrema, each of which has been implicated in the central cardiovascular effects produced by Ang II. In rodents, these actions prominently involve the AT1A receptor. Thus, we examined the electron microscopic dual immunolabeling of antisera recognizing the AT1A receptor and Ang II to determine interactive sites in the sensory vagal complex of rat brain. In both the area postrema and adjacent dorsomedial NTS, many somatodendritic profiles were dually labeled for the AT1A receptor and Ang II. In these profiles, AT1A receptor-immunoreactivity was often seen in the cytoplasm beneath labeled portions of the plasma membrane and in endosome-like granules as well as Golgi lamellae and outer nuclear membranes. In addition, AT1A receptor labeling was detected on the plasma membrane and in association with cytoplasmic membranes in many small axons and axon terminals. These terminals were morphologically heterogeneous containing multiple types of vesicles and forming either inhibitory- or excitatory-type synapses. In the area postrema, AT1A receptor labeling also was detected in many non-neuronal cells including glia, capillary endothelial cells and perivascular fibroblasts that were less prevalent in the NTS. We conclude that in the rat sensory vagal complex, AT1A receptors are strategically positioned for involvement in modulation of the postsynaptic excitability and intracrine hormone-like effects of Ang II. In addition, these receptors have distributions consistent with diverse roles in regulation of transmitter release, regional blood flow and/or vascular permeability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-36
Number of pages16
JournalNeuroscience
Volume122
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Area postrema
  • Autocrine
  • Baroreceptor reflex
  • Hypertension
  • Nucleus tractus solitarius

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