Angiographic Blush after Mechanical Thrombectomy is Associated with Hemorrhagic Transformation of Ischemic Stroke

Setareh Salehi Omran, Srikanth Reddy Boddu, Aaron M. Gusdon, Benjamin Kummer, Hediyeh Baradaran, Praneil Patel, Iván Díaz, Babak B. Navi, Ajay Gupta, Hooman Kamel, Athos Patsalides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Risk factors for hemorrhagic transformation of ischemic stroke after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) are not well established. We conducted a study to determine if prominent angiographic cerebral vascularity following recanalization with thrombectomy (angiographic blush) is associated with hemorrhagic transformation. Methods: Using the Cornell AcutE Stroke Academic Registry, we identified stroke patients who had thrombectomy and achieved recanalization of anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion between 2012 and 2015. The exposure variable was presence of angiographic blush after recanalization, defined as capillary blush with or without early venous drainage. The primary outcome was volume of hemorrhagic transformation on brain imaging after thrombectomy, as determined by semiautomated volumetric analysis on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging among those adjudicated to have hemorrhagic conversion by neuroradiology investigators blinded to angiography results. Using a doubly robust estimator with propensity scores and outcome regression adjusting for demographics and known risk factors for hemorrhagic transformation, we evaluated whether angiographic blush after recanalization is associated with an increased volume of hemorrhagic transformation. Results: Among 48 eligible patients, 31 (64.6%) had angiographic blush and 26 (54.2%) had radiographic hemorrhagic transformation (mean volume, 7.6 ml). Patients with angiographic blush averaged lower thrombolysis in cerebral infarction scores and more often received intravenous thrombolysis. In adjusted analysis, angiographic blush was associated with an increased volume of hemorrhagic transformation: mean volume, 10.3 ml (95% CI, 3.7-16.9 ml) with blush versus 1.8 ml (95% Confidence Interval (CII = Confidence Interval), 0.1-3.4 ml) without (P =.01). Conclusions: Presence of angiographic blush after MT was independently associated with the volume of hemorrhagic transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3124-3130
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • brain infarction
  • hemorrhage
  • thrombectomy

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