Anatomic reinsertion of the distal biceps tendon rupture through a single anterior approach: Extensile or mini-invasive approach? A retrospective study at mean 45-month follow-up

L. Murena, G. Canton, E. Camana, E. Vulcano, P. Cherubino

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate and compare clinical results and complication rate of a standard and mini-invasive reconstruction technique for distal biceps tendon rupture. Methods: Twenty-eight cases of biceps tendon rupture were evaluated at mean 45-month follow-up. A standard anterior approach was used in 19 cases, and a less invasive anterior approach was used in nine cases. Suture anchors were used for tendon reconstruction in all cases. Elbow range of motion (ROM), subjective strength recovery, time to return to work and sports activities, and complications were recorded. Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score (DASH) the Oxford Elbow Score (OES), and the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) were obtained for all patients. Results: Mean ROM recovery was almost complete. Mean subjective strength recovery allowed full return to sports and work in 93 % of cases, within mean 3-month postoperative. Mean DASH, OES, and MEPS scores were good. The clinically relevant complications rate was 17.8 %, all associated with the standard extensile approach group (Group A). Asymptomatic heterotopic ossifications were detected in four cases (14.3 %), not affecting functional recovery. Conclusions: Clinical results and complications rate of anatomical reconstruction of the distal biceps tendon rupture were comparable to the literature. Comparison between Group A and B showed no significant differences in terms of ROM, and OES and MEPS scores. Strength recovery, time to return to sports and work, and DASH score showed a positive trend in Group B. The clinically relevant complications rate was 0 % in Group B and 26 % in Group A.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S71-S76
JournalMusculoskeletal Surgery
Volume98
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anterior approach
  • Biceps repair
  • Biceps rupture
  • Biceps tendon
  • Mini-invasive
  • Suture anchors

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