Analysis of chromatin accessibility uncovers TEAD1 as a regulator of migration in human glioblastoma

Jessica Tome-Garcia, Parsa Erfani, German Nudelman, Alexander M. Tsankov, Igor Katsyv, Rut Tejero, Zhang Bin Zhang, Martin Walsh, Roland H. Friedel, Elena Zaslavsky, Nadejda M. Tsankova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The intrinsic drivers of migration in glioblastoma (GBM) are poorly understood. To better capture the native molecular imprint of GBM and its developmental context, here we isolate human stem cell populations from GBM (GSC) and germinal matrix tissues and map their chromatin accessibility via ATAC-seq. We uncover two distinct regulatory GSC signatures, a developmentally shared/proliferative and a tumor-specific/migratory one in which TEAD1/4 motifs are uniquely overrepresented. Using ChIP-PCR, we validate TEAD1 trans occupancy at accessibility sites within AQP4, EGFR, and CDH4. To further characterize TEAD’s functional role in GBM, we knockout TEAD1 or TEAD4 in patient-derived GBM lines using CRISPR-Cas9. TEAD1 ablation robustly diminishes migration, both in vitro and in vivo, and alters migratory and EMT transcriptome signatures with consistent downregulation of its target AQP4. TEAD1 overexpression restores AQP4 expression, and both TEAD1 and AQP4 overexpression rescue migratory deficits in TEAD1-knockout cells, implicating a direct regulatory role for TEAD1–AQP4 in GBM migration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4020
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

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