Analysis of central opioid receptor subtype antagonism of hypotonic and hypertonic saline intake in water-deprived rats

Richard J. Bodnar, Michael J. Glass, James E. Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intake of either hypotonic or hypertonic saline solutions is modulated in part by the endogenous opioid system. Morphine and selective mu and delta opioid agonists increase saline intake, while general opioid antagonists reduce saline intake in rats. The present study evaluated whether intracerebroventricular administration of general (naltrexone) and selective mu (beta-funaltrexamins, 5-20 μg), mu1 (naloxonazine, 50 μg), kappa (nor-binaltorphamine, 5-20 μg), delta (naltrindole, 20 μg), or delta, (DALCE, 40 μg) opioid receptor subtype antagonists altered water intake and either hypotonic (0.6%) or hypertonic (1.7%) saline intake in water-deprived (24 h) rats over a 3-h time course in a two-bottle choice test. Whereas peripheral naltrexone (0.5-2.5 mg/kg) significantly reduced water intake and hypertonic saline intake, central naltrexone (1-50 μg) significantly reduced water intake and hypotonic saline intake. Water intake was significantly reduced following mu and kappa receptor antagonism, but not following mu1, delta, or delta1 receptor antagonism. In contrast, neither hypotonic nor hypertonic saline intake was significantly altered by any selective antagonist. These data are discussed in terms of opioid receptor subtype control over saline intake relative to the animal's hydrational state and the roles of palatability and/or salt appetite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Delta receptor
  • Kappa receptor
  • Mu receptor
  • Opioids
  • Palatability
  • Saline drinking
  • Salt appetite
  • Water deprivation

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