An open study of adjunct OROS-methylphenidate in children who are atomoxetine partial responders: II. tolerability and pharmacokinetics

Paul Hammerness, Anna Georgiopoulos, Robert L. Doyle, Linsey Utzinger, Mary Schillinger, Marykate Martelon, Kerry Brodziak, Joseph Biederman, Timothy E. Wilens

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the tolerability of adding OROS methylphenidate (MPH) to children who are partial responders to atomoxetine (ATMX) in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: This was a two-phase, 7-week, open study in children aged 6-17 years. Phase 1 initiated ATMX for a minimum of 4 weeks. Phase 2 entered partial responders to ATMX and added OROS MPH to their regimen. Safety was assessed using blood pressure and heart rate measurements, electrocardiogram readings, AEs, laboratories, and ATMX levels. Results: Fifty subjects who were partial responders to ATMX received the combination therapy, with 41 subjects completing the entire protocol. As reported elsewhere (Wilens et al., 2009), OROS MPH added to partial responders of ATMX was accompanied by a 40% reduction in the ADHD rating scale score and improvements in executive functioning. However, the combination of ATMX plus OROS MPH was associated with greater rates of insomnia, irritability, and loss of appetite compared to ATMX alone. A small significant increase in diastolic blood pressure was observed during adjunctive OROS MPH, with no clinically meaningful changes in electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters during the study. ATMX levels and liver function tests did not significantly change during the combination treatment. Conclusion: Adjunct OROS MPH in ATMX partial responders yielded an additive adverse effect burden in this short-term study. Further controlled research with larger samples of children is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-499
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

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