An open-label trial of cryopreserved human umbilical cord in the treatment of complex diabetic foot ulcers complicated by osteomyelitis

William A. Marston, John C. Lantis, Stephanie C. Wu, Aksone Nouvong, Tommy D. Lee, Nicholas D. McCoy, Herbert B. Slade, Scheffer C. Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clinical trials of potential new therapies for diabetic foot ulcers rarely enroll patients whose wounds extend to muscle, fascia, or bone with clinical and radiographic evidence of underlying osteomyelitis. An open-label, multicenter trial of cryopreserved human umbilical cord (TTAX01) was undertaken in 32 subjects presenting with such complex wounds with a mean duration of 6.1 ± 9.0 (range: 0.2–47.1) months and wound area at screening of 3.8 ± 2.9 (range: 1.0–9.6) cm2. Aggressive surgical debridement at baseline resulted in 17 minor amputations and an increase in mean wound area to 7.4 ± 5.8 (range: 1.1–28.6) cm2. All subjects were placed on systemic antibiotics for at least 6 weeks in conjunction with baseline application of TTAX01. Repeat applications were made at no less than 4-week intervals over the 16-week trial. Initial closure occurred in 18 of 32 (56%) wounds, with 16 (50%) of these having confirmed closure in 16 weeks with a median of one-product application. Cases with biopsy confirmed osteomyelitis (n = 20) showed initial closure in 12 (60%) wounds and confirmed closure in 10 (50%) wounds. Four of the five ulcers presenting as recurrences experienced confirmed closure. Mean overall time to healing was 12.8 ± 4.3 weeks. Mean wound area reduction from baseline was 91% for all wounds. Of the 16 wounds without confirmed closure during the 16-week treatment period, five (31.3%) achieved 99–100% wound area reduction by their final visit. The product was well tolerated. Two minor amputations occurred during the study period due to recurrent or persistent osteomyelitis; however, there were no major amputations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-686
Number of pages7
JournalWound Repair and Regeneration
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

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