An interdisciplinary student-led multifaceted intervention addressing overuse of broad-spectrum antibiotics for patients with penicillin allergies

Bryana Banashefski, Philip Henson, Navindra David, Hui Ting Kok, Frans J. Beerkens, Margaret Shyu, Anne S. Linker, Surafel Tsega, Andrew Dunn, Risa Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Though 15% of hospitalized patients have a documented penicillin (PCN) allergy, fewer than 1% have an IgE-mediated reaction that necessitates avoidance of β-lactam antibiotics. Objective: Our interdisciplinary team of medical and nursing students led and executed a two-pronged quality improvement intervention to reduce prescribing of non-β-lactam antibiotics (NBLs) for patients with reported PCN allergies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first multidisciplinary student-led intervention aimed at educating providers on low-risk penicillin allergy and encouraging best antibiotic prescribing practices. Design and participants: The intervention took place from June 2021 to February 2022. We developed and provided clinician education modules, including peer-to-peer information sharing and in-person small group discussions, as well as clinical decision support (CDS) strategies through the electronic medical record (EMR). The target population was attendings, residents, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants on the hospital medicine service at a large urban academic tertiary care center. We followed the SQUIRE 2.0 guidelines for reporting on quality improvement. Main measures: Primary outcome measures included number of NBL prescriptions and use of nonspecific descriptors (e.g., “other” or “unknown”) for PCN allergy reaction type, and were compared with a pre-intervention period. Key results: The percent of β-lactam prescriptions for patients with a PCN allergy after the intervention increased from 19 to 23% (p = 0.006). For patients with a low severity PCN allergy, the percent of β-lactam prescriptions increased from 20 to 28% (p = 0.001). There was a significant decrease in nonspecific PCN allergy reaction type from 23% in the pre-intervention period to 20% post-intervention (p = 0.012). Conclusions: An intervention focused on educating prescribers and CDS strategies delivered through the EMR increased appropriate β-lactam prescribing for patients with a documented low-risk PCN allergy and reduced the use of nonspecific PCN allergy reaction type in EMR documentation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34
JournalAntimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Penicillin allergy
  • Quality intervention
  • β-lactams

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