An integrated genetic linkage map with 1137 markers constructed from five F2 crosses of autoimmune disease-prone and -resistant inbred rat strains

Svetlana V. Dracheva, Elaine F. Remmers, Stephen Chen, Lisa Chang, Pércio S. Gulko, Yutaka Kawahito, Ryan E. Longman, Jianping Wang, Ying Du, Jennifer Shepard, Lynn Ge, Bina Joe, Shigeru Kotake, Jennifer L. Salstrom, Takefumi Furuya, Jean Hoffman, Grant W. Cannon, Marie M. Griffiths, Ronald L. Wilder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The rat (Rattus norvegicus) is an important experimental model for many human diseases including arthritis, diabetes, and other autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. The rat genetic linkage map, however, is less well developed than those of mouse and human. Integrated rat genetic linkage maps have been previously reported by Pravenec et al. (1996, Mamm. Genome 7: 117-127) (500 markers mapped in one cross), Bihoreau et al. (1997, Genome Res. 7: 434-440) (767 markers mapped in three crosses), Wei et al. (1998, Mamm. Genome 9: 1002-1007) (562 markers mapped in two crosses), Brown et al. (1998, Mamm. Genome 9: 521-530) (678 markers mapped in four crosses), and Nordquist et al. (1999, Rat Genome 5: 15-20) (330 markers mapped in two crosses). The densest linkage map combined with a radiation hybrid map, reported by Steen et al. (1999, Genome Res. 9: AP1-AP8), includes 4736 markers mapped in two crosses. Here, we present an integrated linkage map with 1137 markers. We have constructed this map by genotyping F2 progeny of five crosses: F344/NHsd x LEW/NHsd (673 markers), DA/Bkl x F344/NHsd (531 markers), BN/SsN x LEW/N (714 markers), DA/Bkl x BN/SsNHsd (194 markers), and DA/Bkl x ACI/SegHsd (245 markers). These inbred rat strains vary in susceptibility/resistance to multiple autoimmune diseases and are used extensively for many types of investigation. The integrated map includes 360 loci mapped in three or more crosses. The map contains 196 new SSLP markers developed by our group, as well as many SSLP markers developed by other groups. Two hundred forty genes are incorporated in the map. This integrated map should allow comparison of rat genetic maps from different groups and thereby facilitate genetic studies of rat autoimmune and related disease models. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-226
Number of pages25
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes


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