An indication for "granny glasses"

Melvin L. Rubin, Scott E. Brodie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A young woman with a large astigmatic refractive error obtained no visual improvement with glasses. Repeated manifest refractions revealed persistent variations in the apparent cylinder axis. A suitable choice of spectacle frames facilitated a satisfactory outcome. The pitfalls inherent in the clinical specification of cylinder axis, and the potential visual consequences, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-518
Number of pages2
JournalSurvey of Ophthalmology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995


  • astigmatism
  • spectacle fitting


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