An event-related potential investigation of error monitoring in adults with a history of psychosis

Chi C. Chan, Benjamin J. Trachik, Jeffrey S. Bedwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objective: Previous research suggests that deficits in error monitoring contribute to psychosis and poor functioning. Consistent with the NIMH Research Domain Criteria initiative, this study examined electrophysiological brain activity, appraisal of self-performance, and personality traits related to psychosis during error monitoring in individuals with and without a history of psychosis across disorders. Methods: Error-related negativity (ERN), correct response negativity (CRN), error positivity (Pe), and correct response positivity (Pc) were recorded in 14 individuals with a history of psychosis (PSY) and 12 individuals with no history of psychosis (CTR) during a flanker task. Participants continuously rated their performance and completed the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief Revised (SPQ-BR). Results: Compared with CTR, PSY exhibited reduced ERN and Pe amplitudes and was also less accurate at evaluating their performance. Group differences were specific to error trials. Across all participants, smaller Pe amplitudes were associated with greater scores on the SPQ-BR Cognitive-Perceptual factor and less accuracy in subjective identification of errors. Conclusions: Individuals with a history of psychosis, regardless of diagnosis, demonstrated abnormal neural activity and imprecise confidence in response during error monitoring. Significance: Results suggest that disruptions in neural circuitry may underlie specific clinical symptoms across diagnostic categories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1717-1726
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Error monitoring
  • Error-related negativity
  • Event-related potentials
  • Metacognition
  • Psychosis


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