An analysis of skin lightening products' violations reported in four U.S. databases in 2002–2020: In hunt of surveillance quality enhancement, not just an assessment of the magnitude of the problem

Irmina Maria Michalek, Kedie Pintro, Emma K.T. Benn, Bian Liu, Florentino Luciano Caetano dos Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Article number104731
JournalRegulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Cosmetics
  • Product recalls and withdrawals
  • Skin lightening preparations
  • Skin pigmentation
  • Vulnerable populations

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