An algorithm for real-time, continuous evaluation of left ventricular mechanics by single-beat estimation of arterial and ventricular elastance

Henry Shih, Zak Hillel, Christ Declerck, Constantin Anagnostopoulos, Max Kuroda, Daniel Thys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe a computer algorithm that allows continuous, real-time evaluation of ventricular elastance (Ees), arterial elastance (Ea), and their coupling ratio in a clinical setting. In the conventional pressure-volume analysis of left ventricular (LV) contractility, invasive methods of volume determination and a significant, rapid preload reduction are required to generate Ees. With the help of automated border detection by transesophageal echocardiography, and a technique of estimating peak LV isovolumic pressure, Ea and Ees were determined from a single cardiac beat without the need for preload reduction. A comparison of results obtained by a conventional approach and the new algorithm technique, showed good correlation for Ea (r = 0.86, p < 0.001) and Ees (r = 0.74, p = 0.001). Bias analysis showed a bias (d) of 1.47 mmHg/cm 2 for Ea with a standard deviation (SD) of 7.03 mmHg/cm 2, and upper (d+2SD) and lower (d-2SD) limits of agreement of 15.25 mmHg/cm 2 and -12.31 mmHg/cm 2, respectively. Bias analysis showed a bias of-1.42 mmHg/cm 2 for Ees with a SD of 4.88 mmHg/cm 2, and limits of agreement of 8.15 mmHg/cm 2 and -10.98 mmHg/cm 2. The algorithm's stability to artifacts was also analyzed by comparing magnitudes of residuals of Ea and Ees from source signals with and without noise. With Ea differing by an average of 1.036 mmHg/cm 2 and Ees differing by an average of 0.836 mmHg/cm 2, the algorithm was found to be stable to artifacts in the source signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-170
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Volume13
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Algorithm. Monitoring: transesophageal echocardiography
  • Computer
  • Elastance
  • Real-time. Heart: left ventricle
  • Single-beat
  • Ventriculo-arterial coupling

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