Alternative conceptions of wisdom: An onion-peeling exercise

Fredda Blanchard-Fields, Julie R. Brannan, Cameron J. Camp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Contexcualistic and integrative approaches to the concept of wisdom are discussed. The evolution of the concept of wisdom from an indepen dent construct of intelligence to a component of intelligence (i.e., practical intelligence) is presented. It is argued that wisdom can be operationalized as the ability to integrate cognition and affect. In other words, both logical, rational and affective, experiential modes of knowing are recognized as equally valid and taken into consideration in social reasoning contexts. A methodological illustration of the inte grative approach is presented in the form of an ongoing study investi gating real-world problem solving in adolescents as well as young, middle-aged, and older adults. Implications for adult education are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-503
Number of pages7
JournalEducational Gerontology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1987
Externally publishedYes


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