Altered regional and circuit resting-state activity associated with unilateral hearing loss

Xingchao Wang, Yang Fan, Fu Zhao, Zhenmin Wang, Jianqiao Ge, Kai Zhang, Zhixian Gao, Jia Hong Gao, Yihong Yang, Jin Fan, Qihong Zou, Pinan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The deprivation of sensory input after hearing damage results in functional reorganization of the brain including crossmodal plasticity in the sensory cortex and changes in cognitive processing. However, it remains unclear whether partial deprivation from unilateral auditory loss (UHL) would similarly affect the neural circuitry of cognitive processes in addition to the functional organization of sensory cortex. Here, we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate intrinsic activity in 34 participants with UHL from acoustic neuroma in comparison with 22 matched normal controls. In sensory regions, we found decreased regional homogeneity (ReHo) in the bilateral calcarine cortices in UHL. However, there was an increase of ReHo in the right anterior insular cortex (rAI), the key node of cognitive control network (CCN) and multimodal sensory integration, as well as in the left parahippocampal cortex (lPHC), a key node in the default mode network (DMN). Moreover, seed-based resting-state functional connectivity analysis showed an enhanced relationship between rAI and several key regions of the DMN. Meanwhile, lPHC showed more negative relationship with components in the CCN and greater positive relationship in the DMN. Such reorganizations of functional connectivity within the DMN and between the DMN and CCN were confirmed by a graph theory analysis. These results suggest that unilateral sensory input damage not only alters the activity of the sensory areas but also reshapes the regional and circuit functional organization of the cognitive control network.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere96126
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2014

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