Alterations in Purα levels and intracellular localization in the CV-1 cell cycle

Hiroshi Itoh, Margaret J. Wortman, Mechael Kanovsky, Ronald R. Uson, Ronald E. Gordon, Nancy Alfano, Edward M. Johnson

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49 Scopus citations


Levels of the single-stranded DNA-binding protein Purα, previously implicated in control of both DNA replication and gene transcription, are altered during the CV-1 cell cycle. Just prior to the onset of S phase, Purα levels drop precipitously, after which they recover nearly 8-fold throughout S and G2 to peak just after mitosis. As observed previously, Purα binds the hypophosphorylated form of the retinoblastoma protein, Rb. Coimmunoprecipitation of Purα and Rb reveals that the complex declines as cells enter S phase and does not reform as Purα levels recover in S and G2. As Purα levels recover, the protein is localized to nuclear foci containing newly replicated DNA, as determined by immunoelectron microscopy using different sized gold beads and antibodies against Purα and bromodeoxyuridine-labeled DNA. These foci also contain cyclin A, and Purα coimmunoprecipitates with cyclin A from extracts of cells in S and G2 phases. Purα remains with these foci throughout G2, after the bulk of DNA synthesis has ceased. Changing levels of Purα may affect Purα functions at the onset of S phase and during progression to mitosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-665
Number of pages15
JournalCell Growth and Differentiation
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1998


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