Alteration of Lymphocyte Microtubule Assembly, Cytotoxicity, and Activation by the Anticancer Drug Taxol

Linus T. Chuang, Eva Lotzová, Julian Heath, Kenton R. Cook, Adnan Munkarah, Mitchell Morris, J. Taylor Wharton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the effect of the anticancer drug taxol on the cytotoxic mechanism of major histocompatibility complex nonrestricted lymphocytes and their activation with interleukin 2. Unseparated lymphocytes or highly enriched natural killer or T-cells were treated with 0.2-10 ျcg/ml of taxol for various times and tested for cytotoxicity against the K562 cell line and the ovarian cell line, OV-2774. Taxol caused a dose-and time-dependent suppression of lymphocyte cytotoxicity. The most pronounced suppression was noted after treatment with 10 /μg/ml of taxol for 6 h; a lower but significant decrease in cytotoxicity was observed after treatment with 2 and 5 μg/ml of taxol. In addition, taxol inhibited activation of lymphocytes with interleukin 2; however, the cytotoxicity of interleukin 2-preactivated lymphocytes was less sensitive to taxol treatment Mechanism studies showed that taxol was not directly toxic to lymphocytes and did not alter their ability to form conjugates with target cells. Taxol treatment decreased a rate of kinetics of lysis and lymphocyte recycling ability. The immunofluorescence and electron microscopic analysis showed polymerization of microtubules in taxol-treated lymphocytes. These data demonstrate that taxol impairs lymphocyte cytotoxic function and activation and indicate the role of microtubules in these functions. Clinically, these findings suggest that activation of lymphocytes prior to taxol treatment may increase the therapeutic benefit of this drug.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1286-1291
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume54
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1994
Externally publishedYes

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