Alcohol Consumption and Cardiovascular Health

Chayakrit Krittanawong, Ameesh Isath, Robert S. Rosenson, Muzamil Khawaja, Zhen Wang, Sonya E. Fogg, Salim S. Virani, Lu Qi, Yin Cao, Michelle T. Long, Christy C. Tangney, Carl J. Lavie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Studies evaluating alcohol consumption and cardiovascular diseases have shown inconsistent results. Methods: We performed a systematic review of peer-reviewed publications from an extensive query of Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Scopus, and Web of Science from database inception to March 2022 for all studies that reported the association between alcohol consumption in terms of quantity (daily or weekly amounts) and type of beverage (wine, beer or spirit) and cardiovascular disease events. Results: The study population included a total of 1,579,435 individuals based on 56 cohorts from several countries. We found that moderate wine consumption defined as 1-4 drinks per week was associated with a reduction in risk for cardiovascular mortality when compared with beer or spirits. However, higher risk for cardiovascular disease mortality was typically seen with heavier daily or weekly alcohol consumption across all types of beverages. Conclusions: It is possible that the observational studies may overestimate the benefits of alcohol for cardiovascular disease outcomes. Although moderate wine consumption is probably associated with low cardiovascular disease events, there are many confounding factors, in particular, lifestyle, genetic, and socioeconomic associations with wine drinking, which likely explain much of the association with wine and reduced cardiovascular disease events. Further prospective study of alcohol and all-cause mortality, including cancer, is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1230.e3
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume135
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Beer consumption
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Liquor consumption
  • Wine consumption

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