AI software detection of large vessel occlusion stroke on CT angiography: A real-world prospective diagnostic test accuracy study

Stavros Matsoukas, Jacob Morey, Gregory Lock, Deeksha Chada, Tomoyoshi Shigematsu, Naoum Fares Marayati, Bradley N. Delman, Amish Doshi, Shahram Majidi, Reade De Leacy, Christopher Paul Kellner, Johanna T. Fifi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Artificial intelligence (AI) software is increasingly applied in stroke diagnostics. However, the actual performance of AI tools for identifying large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke in real time in a real-world setting has not been fully studied. Objective: To determine the accuracy of AI software in a real-world, three-tiered multihospital stroke network. Methods: All consecutive head and neck CT angiography (CTA) scans performed during stroke codes and run through an AI software engine (Viz LVO) between May 2019 and October 2020 were prospectively collected. CTA readings by radiologists served as the clinical reference standard test and Viz LVO output served as the index test. Accuracy metrics were calculated. Results: Of a total of 1822 CTAs performed, 190 occlusions were identified; 142 of which were internal carotid artery terminus (ICA-T), middle cerebral artery M1, or M2 locations. Accuracy metrics were analyzed for two different groups: ICA-T and M1 ±M2. For the ICA-T/M1 versus the ICA-T/M1/M2 group, sensitivity was 93.8% vs 74.6%, specificity was 91.1% vs 91.1%, negative predictive value was 99.7% vs 97.6%, accuracy was 91.2% vs 89.8%, and area under the curve was 0.95 vs 0.86, respectively. Detection rates for ICA-T, M1, and M2 occlusions were 100%, 93%, and 49%, respectively. As expected, the algorithm offered better detection rates for proximal occlusions than for mid/distal M2 occlusions (58% vs 28%, p=0.03). Conclusions: These accuracy metrics support Viz LVO as a useful adjunct tool in stroke diagnostics. Fast and accurate diagnosis with high negative predictive value mitigates missing potentially salvageable patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberneurintsurg-2021-018391
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • CT angiography
  • brain
  • device
  • stroke
  • technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'AI software detection of large vessel occlusion stroke on CT angiography: A real-world prospective diagnostic test accuracy study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this