Aging and HIV/AIDS: Neurocognitive implications for older HIV-positive Latina/o adults

Monica Rivera Mindt, Caitlin Miranda, Alyssa Arentoft, Desiree Byrd, Jennifer Monzones, Armando Fuentes, Francesca Arias, Miguel Arce Rentería, Ana Rosario, Susan Morgello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


In recent years, HIV/AIDS populations have become older and increasingly more ethnically diverse. Concurrently, the prevalence of HIV-related neurocognitive (NC) impairment remains high. This study examined the effects of age and ethnicity on NC function in HIV-positive adults. The sample (N = 126; 84 Latina/o and 42 Non-Hispanic White) completed a comprehensive NC battery. Global NC and domain average demographically-corrected t-scores were generated. There were no significant differences between Younger (<50 years) Latina/os and non-Hispanic Whites on Global NC function or NC domains (all p's >.10), with generally small effect sizes. Older Latina/os (≥50 years) were significantly more impaired than Older Non-Hispanic Whites on processing speed and learning, with trends in Global NC function and memory. Further, effect sizes fell within the medium to large range (Cohen's d's =.49-1.15). This study suggests that older Latina/os are at potentially greater risk for NC impairment, particularly in processing speed and learning, when compared to similarly-aged non-Hispanic whites. © 2014

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • AIDS
  • HAND
  • HIV
  • Hispanics
  • Latina/os
  • aging
  • cognition
  • health disparities
  • neurocognitive
  • neuropsychological impairment


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