Age- and functional status-dependent association between blood pressure and cognition: The Milan geriatrics 75+ cohort study

Giulia Ogliari, Behnam Sabayan, Daniela Mari, Paolo D. Rossi, Tiziano A. Lucchi, Anton J.M. De Craen, Rudi G.J. Westendorp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate whether the relationship between blood pressure (BP) measures and cognitive function is different according to age and functional status in older outpatients. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Outpatient hospital-based Milan Geriatrics 75+ Cohort Study. Participants Individuals aged 75 and older (N = 1,540). Measurements Blood pressure, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), basic activities of daily living (ADLs), and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) were assessed. Associations between BP measures and MMSE score were first analyzed in the total population using linear regression models and were then further examined according to strata of age, ADLs, and IADLs. All analyses were adjusted for sociodemographic factors and presence of comorbidities. Results In the total population, higher systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), pulse pressure (PP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were all associated with higher MMSE score (all P <.05). Each 10-mmHg higher SBP and DBP was associated with a 0.26- and 0.55-point higher MMSE score, respectively. The associations between MMSE score and SBP, DBP, and MAP differed materially according to strata of age and functioning and were most pronounced in those aged 85 and older, with ADL impairments, and with IADL impairments. Conclusion Higher BP is associated with better cognitive function in the oldest old and in those with impaired functional status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1741-1748
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume63
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aging
  • blood pressure
  • cognitive function
  • cohort study
  • functional status

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