African ancestry GWAS of dementia in a large military cohort identifies significant risk loci

Richard Sherva, Rui Zhang, Nathan Sahelijo, Gyungah Jun, Tori Anglin, Catherine Chanfreau, Kelly Cho, Jennifer R. Fonda, J. Michael Gaziano, Kelly M. Harrington, Yuk Lam Ho, William S. Kremen, Elizabeth Litkowski, Julie Lynch, Zoe Neale, Panos Roussos, David Marra, Jesse Mez, Mark W. Miller, David H. SalatDebby Tsuang, Erika Wolf, Qing Zeng, Matthew S. Panizzon, Victoria C. Merritt, Lindsay A. Farrer, Richard L. Hauger, Mark W. Logue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

While genome wide association studies (GWASs) of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) in European (EUR) ancestry cohorts have identified approximately 83 potentially independent AD risk loci, progress in non-European populations has lagged. In this study, data from the Million Veteran Program (MVP), a biobank which includes genetic data from more than 650,000 US Veteran participants, was used to examine dementia genetics in an African descent (AFR) cohort. A GWAS of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD), an expanded AD phenotype including dementias such as vascular and non-specific dementia that included 4012 cases and 18,435 controls age 60+ in AFR MVP participants was performed. A proxy dementia GWAS based on survey-reported parental AD or dementia (n = 4385 maternal cases, 2256 paternal cases, and 45,970 controls) was also performed. These two GWASs were meta-analyzed, and then subsequently compared and meta-analyzed with the results from a previous AFR AD GWAS from the Alzheimer’s Disease Genetics Consortium (ADGC). A meta-analysis of common variants across the MVP ADRD and proxy GWASs yielded GWAS significant associations in the region of APOE (p = 2.48 × 10101), in ROBO1 (rs11919682, p = 1.63 × 108), and RNA RP11-340A13.2 (rs148433063, p = 8.56 × 109). The MVP/ADGC meta-analysis yielded additional significant SNPs near known AD risk genes TREM2 (rs73427293, p = 2.95 × 109), CD2AP (rs7738720, p = 1.14 × 10−9), and ABCA7 (rs73505251, p = 3.26 × 10−10), although the peak variants observed in these genes differed from those previously reported in EUR and AFR cohorts. Of the genes in or near suggestive or genome-wide significant associated variants, nine (CDA, SH2D5, DCBLD1, EML6, GOPC, ABCA7, ROS1, TMCO4, and TREM2) were differentially expressed in the brains of AD cases and controls. This represents the largest AFR GWAS of AD and dementia, finding non-APOE GWAS-significant common SNPs associated with dementia. Increasing representation of AFR participants is an important priority in genetic studies and may lead to increased insight into AD pathophysiology and reduce health disparities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1302
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

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