Adverse Outcomes in Hospitalizations for Amyloid-Related Heart Failure

Sandeep Appunni, Muni Rubens, Venkataraghavan Ramamoorthy, Anshul Saxena, Mayur Doke, Mukesh Roy, Juan Gabriel Ruiz-Pelaez, Yanjia Zhang, Ashfaq Ahmed, Zhenwei Zhang, Peter McGranaghan, Sandra Chaparro, Javier Jimenez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy is being increasingly recognized as an important cause of heart failure (HF). In this study, we looked at adverse outcomes in hospitalizations with amyloid-related HF. This study was a retrospective analysis of the National Inpatient Sample data, collected from 2016 to 2019. Patients ≥41 years of age and admitted for HF were included in the study. In these hospitalizations, amyloid-related HF was identified through the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification codes for amyloidosis. The primary outcome of the study was in-hospital mortality, whereas secondary outcomes were prolonged length of stay, mechanical ventilation, mechanical circulatory support, vasopressors use, and dispositions other than home. From 2016 to 2019, there were 4,705,274 HF hospitalizations, of which 16,955 (0.4%) had amyloid cardiomyopathy. In all HF hospitalizations, amyloid-related increased from 0.26% in 2016 to 0.46% in 2019 (relative increase, 76.9%, P for trend <0.001). Amyloid-related HF hospitalizations were more common in older, male, and Black patients. The odds of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 1.29; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 1.38), prolonged hospital length (OR, 1.61; 95% CI: 1.49 to 1.73) and vasopressors use (OR, 1.59; 95% CI: 1.23 to 2.05) were significantly higher for amyloid-related hospitalizations. Amyloid-related HF hospitalizations are increasing substantially and are associated with adverse hospital outcomes. These hospitalizations were disproportionately higher for older, male, and Black patients. Amyloid-related HF is rare and underdiagnosed yet has several adverse outcomes. Hence, healthcare providers should be watchful of this condition for early identification and prompt management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume203
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

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