Adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation from the use of indoor tanning equipment: Time to ban the tan

Henry W. Lim, William D. James, Darrell S. Rigel, Mary E. Maloney, James M. Spencer, Reva Bhushan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


The incidence of melanoma skin cancer is increasing rapidly, particularly among young women in the United States. Numerous studies have documented an association between the use of indoor tanning devices and an increased risk of skin cancer, especially in young women. Studies have shown that ultraviolet exposure, even in the absence of erythema or burn, results in DNA damage. Countries and regulatory bodies worldwide have recognized the health risks associated with indoor tanning. In the United States, 32 states have passed legislation to regulate the indoor tanning industry, but there is an urgent need to restrict the use of indoor tanning devices at the federal level. The Food and Drug Administration is currently reviewing the classification of these devices. For all of these reasons, the Food and Drug Administration should prohibit the use of tanning devices by minors and reclassify tanning devices to at least class II to protect the public from the preventable cancers and other adverse effects caused by ultraviolet radiation from indoor tanning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-902
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2011


  • DNA damage
  • Food and Drug Administration reclassification of indoor tanning devices
  • basal cell carcinoma
  • immunosuppression
  • indoor tanning
  • legislation
  • melanoma
  • photoaging
  • photodermatoses
  • radiation
  • regulation
  • skin cancer
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • ultraviolet
  • ultraviolet A
  • ultraviolet B
  • vitamin D


Dive into the research topics of 'Adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation from the use of indoor tanning equipment: Time to ban the tan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this