Transjugular portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement is a widely accepted method for reducing portal pressures in conditions including symptomatic varices, refractory ascites, hepatic hydrothorax, portomesenteric thrombosis, and Budd-Chiari syndrome. The traditional method for performing TIPS involves blind access into a portal vein branch from a hepatic vein, typically right portal vein to right hepatic vein, using preoperative imaging and intraoperative wedged portography for guidance. However, standard access technique may not always be feasible due to occluded portal or hepatic veins, distorted anatomy, or prior TIPS. In this article we discuss alternative techniques for accessing the portal vein for TIPS placement when standard methods are not sufficient.
- interventional radiology
- portal hypertension
- portal vein access
- portal vein thrombosis
- transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts