Adolescents Engaged in Radicalisation and Terrorism: A Dimensional and Categorical Assessment

Guillaume Bronsard, David Cohen, Issaga Diallo, Hugues Pellerin, Aurélien Varnoux, Marc Antoine Podlipski, Priscille Gerardin, Laurent Boyer, Nicolas Campelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Since 2010 and the founding of the Islamic State, the radicalisation phenomenon in Europe has involved more adolescents and converts to Islam than in previous Islamist terrorist group movements (e.g., Al-Qaeda). In most cases, these adolescents are “homegrown terrorists,” a challenging difference, as they are in confrontation with their home and societal environment. As a new and emerging phenomenon, radicalisation leads to many questions. Are empathic capacities altered? Are they presenting psychiatric pathologies or suicidal tendencies that explain why they put themselves in serious dangers? Are they just young delinquents who simply met a radical ideology? In January 2018, by special Justice Department authorisation, we contacted all minors (N = 31) convicted in France for “criminal association to commit terrorism.” We assessed several sociodemographic, clinical and psychological variables, including empathy and suicidality, in half of them (N = 15) and compared them with 101 teenagers convicted for non-terrorist delinquency who were placed in Closed Educational Centres (CEC). The results show that adolescents engaged in radicalisation and terrorism do not have a significant prevalence of psychiatric disorders, suicidal tendencies or lack of empathy. It also appears that they have different psychological profiles than delinquent adolescents. “Radicalised” adolescents show better intellectual skills, insight capacities and coping strategies. In addition, the manifestation of their difficulties is less externalised than adolescents from the CEC, having committed very few delinquent acts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number774063
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • delinquency
  • empathy
  • psychiatric disorder
  • radicalisation
  • suicidality

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