Adolescent Suicidality and Homicidality: Who Is at Risk?

Caroline Bjorkman, Timothy Rice

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Suicide and homicide are the second and third leading causes of adolescent mortality in the United States, respectively. Adolescent deaths by these means outnumber all medical causes combined. Suicide and violence prevention begins foremost with an accurate risk assessment. Clinicians, educators, and public officials can significantly improve their effectiveness in adolescent risk assessment through focusing on several key tenets. Key risk factors for both suicide and homicide include the presence of demographic variables, psychiatric diagnoses, and psychosocial stressors. Protective factors, such as strong family cohesion, help-seeking behavior, and resilience, are also key to the assessment. Inquiry into the adolescent’s current mental status and interviewer comfort in performing such an inquiry is also important. As firearms are the leading means of death in both adolescent suicide and homicide, risk assessment is paramount in efforts towards adolescent gun violence prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdolescent Gun Violence Prevention
Subtitle of host publicationClinical and Public Health Solutions
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages101-111
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783030847104
ISBN (Print)9783030847098
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescent suicide
  • adolescent homicide
  • mental illness
  • risk assessment
  • risk factors

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