Adjusted comparison of outcomes between patients from CARTITUDE-1 versus multiple myeloma patients with prior exposure to proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs and anti-CD38 antibody from the prospective, multinational LocoMMotion study of real-world clinical practice

Maria Victoria Mateos, Katja Weisel, Thomas Martin, Jesús G. Berdeja, Andrzej Jakubowiak, A. Keith Stewart, Sundar Jagannath, Yi Lin, Joris Diels, Francesca Ghilotti, Pushpike Thilakarathne, Nolen J. Perualila, Jedelyn Cabrieto, Benjamin Haefliger, Nichola Erler-Yates, Clare Hague, Carolyn C. Jackson, Jordan M. Schecter, Vadim Strulev, Tonia NesheiwatLida Pacaud, Hermann Einsele, Philippe Moreau

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel) is a chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy studied in patients with multiple myeloma exposed to three classes of treatment in the single-arm CARTITUDE-1 study. To assess the effectiveness of cilta-cel compared to real-world clinical practice (RWCP), we performed adjusted comparisons using individual patients’ data from CARTITUDE-1 and LocoMMotion, a prospective, multinational study of patients with multiple myeloma triple-class exposed of treatment. Comparisons were performed using inverse probability weighting. In CARTITUDE-1, 113 patients were enrolled, and 97 patients were infused with cilta-cel. In LocoMMotion, 248 patients were enrolled, and 170 patients were included in the comparisons versus infused patients. Ninety-two unique regimens were used in LocoMMotion, most frequently carfilzomib-dexamethasone (13.7%), pomalidomide-cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone (13.3%) and pomalidomide-dexamethasone (11.3%). Adjusted comparisons showed that patients treated with cilta-cel were 3.12-fold more likely to respond to treatment than those managed by RWCP (response rate, 3.12, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 2.24-4.00), had their risk of progression or death reduced to by 85% (progression-free survival hazard ratio=0.15, 95% CI: 0.08-0.29), and a risk of death lowered by 80% (overall survival hazard ratio HR=0.20, 95% CI: 0.09-0.41). The incremental improvement in health-related quality of life from baseline for cilta-cel versus RWCP at week 52, as measured by EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status, was 13.4 (95% CI: 3.5-23.6) and increased to 30.8 (95% CI: 21.8-39.8) when including death as additional information regarding patients’ health status. Patients treated with cilta-cel experienced more adverse events than those managed with RWCP (any grade: 100% vs. 83.5%). The results from this study demonstrate improved efficacy outcomes of cilta-cel versus RWCP and highlight its potential as a novel and effective treatment option for patients with multiple myeloma triple-class exposed of antimyeloma treatment. CARTITUDE-1 is registered with clinicaltrials gov. Identifier: NCT03548207. LocoMMotion is registered with clinicaltrials gov. Identifier: NCT04035226.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2192-2204
Number of pages13
JournalHaematologica
Volume108
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

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