Ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel) is a Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy with the potential for long-term disease control in heavily pre-treated patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). As cilta-cel was assessed in the single-arm CARTITUDE-1 clinical trial, we used an external cohort of patients from the Therapie Monitor registry fulfilling the CARTITUDE-1 inclusion criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of cilta-cel for overall survival (OS) and time to next treatment (TTNT) vs. real-world clinical practice. Individual patient data allowed us to adjust the comparisons between both cohorts, using the inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPW; average treatment effect in the treated population (ATT) and overlap population (ATO) weights) and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression. Outcomes were compared in intention-to-treat (HR, IPW-ATT: TTNT: 0.13 (95% CI: 0.07, 0.24); OS: 0.14 (95% CI: 0.07, 0.25); IPW-ATO: TTNT: 0.24 (95% CI: 0.12, 0.49); OS: 0.26 (95% CI: 0.13, 0.54)) and modified intention-to-treat (HR, IPW-ATT: TTNT: 0.24 (95% CI: 0.09, 0.67); OS: 0.26 (95% CI: 0.08, 0.84); IPW-ATO: TTNT: 0.26 (95% CI: 0.11, 0.59); OS: 0.31 (95% CI: 0.12, 0.79)) populations. All the comparisons were statistically significant in favor of cilta-cel. These results highlight cilta-cel’s potential as a novel, effective treatment to address unmet needs in patients with RRMM.
- Adjusted comparison
- Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy
- Ciltacabtagene autoleucel
- Indirect treatment comparison
- Relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma