Adhesive anti-fibrotic interfaces on diverse organs

Jingjing Wu, Jue Deng, Georgios Theocharidis, Tiffany L. Sarrafian, Leigh G. Griffiths, Roderick T. Bronson, Aristidis Veves, Jianzhu Chen, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xuanhe Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Implanted biomaterials and devices face compromised functionality and efficacy in the long term owing to foreign body reactions and subsequent formation of fibrous capsules at the implant–tissue interfaces1–4. Here we demonstrate that an adhesive implant–tissue interface can mitigate fibrous capsule formation in diverse animal models, including rats, mice, humanized mice and pigs, by reducing the level of infiltration of inflammatory cells into the adhesive implant–tissue interface compared to the non-adhesive implant–tissue interface. Histological analysis shows that the adhesive implant–tissue interface does not form observable fibrous capsules on diverse organs, including the abdominal wall, colon, stomach, lung and heart, over 12 weeks in vivo. In vitro protein adsorption, multiplex Luminex assays, quantitative PCR, immunofluorescence analysis and RNA sequencing are additionally carried out to validate the hypothesis. We further demonstrate long-term bidirectional electrical communication enabled by implantable electrodes with an adhesive interface over 12 weeks in a rat model in vivo. These findings may offer a promising strategy for long-term anti-fibrotic implant–tissue interfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-367
Number of pages8
JournalNature
Volume630
Issue number8016
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Jun 2024
Externally publishedYes

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