Adhesion reformation after reproductive surgery by videolaseroscopy

C. R. Nezhat, F. R. Nezhat, D. A. Metzger, A. A. Luciano

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95 Scopus citations

Abstract

After initial videolaseroscopy for the treatment of endometriosis-associated infertility, 157 patients underwent a second-look laparoscopy to evaluate and treat recurrence of disease and/or adhesions. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 135 patients who underwent second-look laparoscopy for persistent infertility and/or recurrence of pain. Group 2 consisted of 22 patients who achieved pregnancy after initial surgery and underwent second-look laparoscopy for evaluation of ectopic pregnancy or in association with uterine evacuation for first trimester spontaneous abortion. Both groups of patients demonstrated a significant reduction in adhesion scores involving the ovaries, tubes, posterior cul-de-sac, anterior cul-de-sac, and omentum/bowel. Although the initial mean adhesion scores were similar for both groups, at second-look laparoscopy the mean adhesion scores were significantly lower for group 2, particularly for ovarian and tubal adhesions. None of the patients formed de novo adhesions. From these results we may conclude that videolaseroscopy: (1) is effective in reducing peritoneal adhesions; (2) is associated with a low frequency of postoperative adhesion recurrence; and (3) appears to completely avoid de novo adhesion formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1008-1011
Number of pages4
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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