Adherence to medical recommendations and transition to adult services in pediatric transplant recipients

Eyal Shemesh, Rachel A. Annunziato, Ronen Arnon, Tamir Miloh, Nanda Kerkar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonadherence to treatment recommendations, especially when associated with transition to adult care providers, account, by some estimates, for most organ rejections and death in long-term pediatric survivors of solid organ transplantations. It is therefore imperative that providers become familiar with the issues related to those major risks and ways to address them. RECENT FINDINGS: It is possible, and important, to routinely measure adherence to medications by using one of several available and proven methods of surveillance. There are numerous ways to improve adherence, and it is in fact possible to improve adherence and therefore outcomes in the transplant setting. The transition to adult services is a vulnerable period. The authors believe that it is possible to improve the transition process, and suggestions are presented in this review. However, solid research into interventions to improve transition is lacking. SUMMARY: Nonadherence to medical recommendations is prevalent and leads to poor outcomes following otherwise successful pediatric transplantation. An especially vulnerable period is the time when a recipient transitions to adult care. Routine monitoring of adherence, evaluating and addressing barriers to adherence, and collaborative, multidisciplinary care are all expected to substantially improve adherence and reduce the risks associated with transition

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-292
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Organ Transplantation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2010


  • Adherence
  • Nonadherence
  • Pediatric
  • Transition
  • Transplantation


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