Adenovirus type 12 early region 1A proteins repress class I HLA expression in transformed human cells

R. Vasavada, K. B. Eager, G. Barbanti-Brodano, A. Caputo, R. P. Ricciardi

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The adenovirus type 12 (Ad12) early region 1A (E1A) gene is thought to play a major role in repressing class I major histocompatibility complex expression in transformed rodent cells. However, since transformation by adenovirus requires both E1A and E1B genes, it has not been demonstrated whether the Ad12 E1A gene acts alone or synergistically with the E1B gene to accomplish this effect. Moreover, it is not known whether the repression of class I antigen synthesis by Ad12-transforming gene products occurs only in rodent cells. We show that the Ad12 E1A gene, in the absence of the E1B gene, is capable of greatly reducing the levels of class I HLA antigens and mRNAs in primary human cells transformed by the E1A gene of Ad12 and the large tumor antigen (T-antigen) gene of BK virus; control cells transformed by BK virus T-antigen gene alone or the highly related simian virus 40 T-antigen gene showed no apparent alteration in class I HLA expression. Human recombinant interferon γ was able to restore synthesis of class I HLA antigens in transformed cells that produced Ad12 E1A proteins, indicating that these cells were not deficient for class I genes. These results strongly indicate that the Ad12 E1A proteins modulate class I gene expression by similar mechanisms in both transformed rodent and human cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5257-5261
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes


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