Adenovirus-mediated hepatocyte growth factor expression in mouse islets improves pancreatic islet transplant performance and reduces beta cell death

Adolfo García-Ocaña, Karen K. Takane, Vasumathi T. Reddy, Juan Carlos Lopez-Talavera, Rupangi C. Vasavada, Andrew F. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) increases beta cell proliferation and function in rat insulin promoter (RIP)-targeted transgenic mice. RIP-HGF mouse islets also function superiorly to normal islets in a transplant setting. Here, we aimed to determine whether viral gene transfer of the HGF gene into mouse islets ex vivo could enhance the performance of normal islets in a streptozotocin-diabetic severe combined immunodeficient mouse marginal islet mass model in which 300 uninfected or adenovirus (Adv) LacZ-transduced islet equivalents were insufficient to correct hyperglycemia. In dramatic contrast, 300 AdvHGF-transduced islet equivalents promptly (day 1) and significantly (p < 0.01) decreased random non-fasting blood glucose levels, from 351 ± 20 mg/dl to an average of 191 ± 7 mg/dl over 8 weeks. At day 1 post-transplant, beta cell death was significantly (p < 0.05) decreased, and the total insulin content was significantly (p < 0.05) increased in Adv-HGF-transduced islets containing grafts. This anti-beta cell death action of HGF was independently confirmed in RIP-HGF mice and in INS-1 cells, both treated with streptozotocin. Activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt intracellular-signaling pathway appeared to be involved in this beta cell protective effect of HGF in vitro. In summary, adenoviral delivery of HGF to murine islets ex vivo improves islet transplant survival and blood glucose control in a subcapsular renal graft model in immuno-incompetent diabetic mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-351
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jan 2003
Externally publishedYes

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