Adenosine-induced tachycardia acceleration: An unusual proarrhythmia

Vini Singh, Negar Salehi, Ranjan Kumar Thakur

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Adenosine is an effective agent for termination of most re-entrant supraventricular arrhythmias involving the atrioventricular node and often also used as a diagnostic agent for wide QRS tachycardias. Adenosine terminates 90-99% of re-entrant supraventricular tachycardias but it may rarely accelerate tachycardias. Adenosine-induced tachycardia acceleration is a rare phenomenon, as only a handful of cases have been described in the literature. We present a case of a 36-year-old man with a narrow complex, short RP tachycardia at a rate of 165 bpm and an initial blood pressure of 110/78 mm Hg. A bolus of 12 mg of adenosine resulted in slowing of the tachycardia to 150 bpm for 2-3 s, followed by acceleration of the tachycardia to 185 bpm that lasted for approximately 20 s and returned to baseline at 165 bpm. The main mechanism of adenosine-induced acceleration may be the secondary sympathetic stimulation, which may be preceded by transient bradycardia and/or hypotension.

Original languageEnglish
Article number207823
JournalBMJ Case Reports
StatePublished - 27 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes


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