Acute Pain Management Protocol for Neck Procedures

Alex Yu, Samuel DeMaria, Shane Dickerson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The neck holds a robust nerve supply that lies under identifiable anatomic landmarks in close proximity to vital vascular structures. This presents unique opportunities and challenges to the regional anesthesiologist. Neck regional anesthesia is often administered after induction of general anesthesia, but can also be used as a primary technique or an adjunct during awake intubation. Communication with surgeons remains essential, as some nerve blocks are contraindicated for specific neck pathology or neuromonitoring techniques. In the following review, we will discuss neck surgery cases that would be appropriate for a superficial cervical plexus block and how regional anesthesia can act as a useful tool to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting. We will also discuss the role of glossopharyngeal, superior laryngeal, and recurrent laryngeal nerve blocks in facilitating a smooth awake intubation and post-radiation neck changes. We will then examine the role of interscalene blocks in a trauma case, closing with a discussion on local anesthetic systemic toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFirst Aid Perioperative Ultrasound
Subtitle of host publicationAcute Pain Manual for Surgical Procedures
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages313-329
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783031212918
ISBN (Print)9783031212901
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Awake intubation
  • Glossopharyngeal nerve block
  • Interscalene block
  • Local anesthetic systemic toxicity
  • Post-radiation skin changes
  • Postoperative nausea and vomiting
  • Recurrent laryngeal nerve block
  • Superficial cervical plexus nerve block
  • Superior laryngeal nerve block

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