Acute myocardial infarction in a long-term care institution for the aged.

I. Z. Jimenez-Velazquez, M. Rodstein, M. Mulvihill, M. A. Hsu, L. S. Libow, R. R. Neufeld

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We reviewed the clinical characteristics and outcome of cases of acute myocardial infarction occurring from January 1, 1985, through December 31, 1987, in the population of a long-term care institution for the elderly. The total number of patients in the series was 43. Comparisons were made between those patients transferred to a general acute-care hospital and those who remained at the facility. The most common initial symptoms of acute myocardial infarction in 32 of 48 patients were, in order, dyspnea, dizziness or syncope, precordial pain, and abdominal pain. Nine (of 43) patients were asymptomatic. In the 14 (of 43) patients transferred to an acute-care hospital, cardiac failure, arrhythmias, and cardiogenic shock were much more frequent than among those retained in the long-term care facility. We concluded that a high index of suspicion for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in the institutionalized elderly is indicated. Patients with mild infarction can be retained in long-term care institutions; resulting mortality from cardiac disorders should be low in adequately staffed and equipped long-term care institutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-60
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Global Health
Volume59
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes

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