Acute Hypertensive and Aortic Syndromes

Gregory W. Serrao, Umesh K. Gidwani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter provides rapid-access, clinical information on acute hypertensive and aortic syndromes with a focus on prevention, clinical diagnosis and effective patient management. Hypertensive emergency of any kind is common with approximately 1–5% of those who have hypertension experiencing a hypertensive emergency over their lifetime. Chronic hypertension predisposes to both hypertensive emergency and aortic dissection. Several conditions can predispose to aortic dissection including Marfan's syndrome, vasculitis, syphilis, and Turner's syndrome. Weight reduction, diet modification, avoidance of smoking, and control of cholesterol may prevent hypertension and aortic disease. Adherence to an antihypertensive regimen and regular medical follow-up can prevent a second hypertensive emergency or aortic emergency.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMount Sinai Expert Guides
Subtitle of host publicationCritical Care
Number of pages66
ISBN (Electronic)9781119293255
ISBN (Print)9781119293262
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Acute hypertensive
  • Aortic syndromes
  • Chronic hypertension
  • Clinical diagnosis
  • Patient management


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