Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is not considered to be efficiently transmitted sexually, but since the early 2000s, HCV infection of HIV-infected men who have sex with men has emerged as an epidemic worldwide. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology of sexually transmitted acute HCV, the growing body of literature regarding risk factors for acquisition, and possible mechanisms of transmission. We also discuss the progression of liver disease in these men and the advances in therapy of acute HCV with interferon-free regimens and put forth our current approach of evaluating and treating these men in New York City.
- Acute hepatitis C (HCV) infection
- Direct-acting antivirals (DAA)
- Liver fibrosis
- Men who have sex with men (MSM)
- Sexual transmission