Acute cerebrovascular episodes in systemic lupus erythematosus

S. Eustace, M. Hutchinson, B. Bresnihan

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29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twelve patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed major acute cerebrovascular episodes are described.All patients were female, with a mean age of 43.3 years and they had suffered from SLE for between 1 month and 22 years (mean 9.3 years) at the time of stroke.All patients had multiple clinical and laboratory features of systemically active SLE.Stroke was the initial neurological feature in nine patients.Cerebral infarction was confirmed in eight patients and cerebral haemorrhage in two; the two remaining patients had convincing clinical evidence of thromboembolic neurological complications.Characteristic clinical and serological features of antiphospholipid antibodies were observed in six patients (50 per cent).Five patients died as a direct result of stroke and two other patients died within one year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-750
Number of pages12
JournalQJM - Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1991
Externally publishedYes

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