Acute Alcoholic Hepatitis

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24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alcoholic hepatitis is a unique type of alcohol-associated liver disease characterized by acute liver inflammation caused by prolonged heavy alcohol use. Treatment is mostly supportive. The short-term prognosis of acute alcoholic hepatitis depends on liver recovery, and ranges widely from rapid improvement to grim multiorgan failure despite treatment. Refinement of scoring systems have enhanced prognostication to guide clinical decision making in alcoholic hepatitis. Recent advances in the treatment of alcoholic hepatitis have solidified corticosteroids as the cornerstone of treatment to enhance short-term survival, but not intermediate or long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-98
Number of pages18
JournalClinics in Liver Disease
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorder
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Corticosteroids
  • Discriminant function
  • Hepatorenal syndrome
  • Lille score
  • N-acetylcysteine
  • Pentoxifylline

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