Cells are equipped with a large set of pattern recognition receptors or sensors that detect foreign molecules such as pathogenic nucleic acids and initiate proinflammatory and antimicrobial innate immune responses. RIG-I is a cytosolic sensor that detects 5'-triphosphate double-stranded RNAs produced during infection. RIG-I is responsible for mounting an antimicrobial response against a variety of viruses and intracellular bacteria. RIG-I contains an intricate structural architecture that allows for efficient signaling downstream in the pathway and autoregulation. The RIG-I-mediated antimicrobial pathway is highly regulated in cells requiring various cofactors, negative regulators, and posttranslational modifications. Modulation of RIG-I and RIG-I-mediated signaling in cells by pathogens to evade recognition and activation of the antimicrobial pathway highlights the essential nature of RIG-I in the innate immune response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-523
Number of pages11
JournalCytokine and Growth Factor Reviews
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2014


  • Antiviral response
  • Innate immunity
  • RIG-I-like receptors
  • Type I interferon
  • Virus


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