Technological advances in critical care will undoubtedly find their way into the ICU of the 21(st) century. The challenge for critical care practitioners is to meticulously assess these innovations and adopt the most appropriate and efficient technologies that will improve unit function and staff efficiencies, support educational programs, and most importantly, enhance patient outcome at a reasonable cost. Hospital-based intensivists have excellent opportunities to establish leadership roles in the technology evaluation process by cultivating relationships with administrators, and through active participation in the hospital-based Technology Committee and the ICU-based multidisciplinary committee. The authors' experience has left them with the lasting impression that the evaluation and introduction of new technology is time consuming and requires perseverance and patience. Ultimately, it is hoped that technological breakthroughs coupled with a standardized approach to delivery of ICU services in the coming decades will ensure better and more efficient care to critically ill patients.