Acquired Resistance to EZH2 Inhibitor GSK343 Promotes the Differentiation of Human DLBCL Cell Lines toward an ABC-Like Phenotype

Samuel E.J. Preston, Audrey Emond, Filippa Pettersson, Daphné Dupéré-Richer, Madelyn Jean Abraham, Alberto Riva, Mena Kinal, Ryan N. Rys, Nathalie A. Johnson, Koren K. Mann, Sonia V. del Rincón, Jonathan D. Licht, Wilson H. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) accounts for 40% of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and 30% to 40% of patients will succumb to relapsed/refractory disease (rrDLBCL). Patients with rrDLBCL generally have low long-term survival rates due to a lack of efficient salvage therapies. Small-molecule inhibitors targeting the histone methyltransferase EZH2 represent an emerging group of novel therapeutics that show promising clinical efficacy in patients with rrDLBCL. The mechanisms that control acquired resistance to this class of targeted therapies, however, remain poorly understood. Here, we develop a model of resistance to the EZH2 inhibitor (EZH2i) GSK343 and use RNA-seq data and in vitro investigation to show that GCB (germinal center B-cell)-DLBCL cell lines with acquired drug resistance differentiate toward an ABC (activated B-cell)-DLBCL phenotype. We further observe that the development of resistance to GSK343 is sufficient to induce cross-resistance to other EZH2i. Notably, we identify the immune receptor SLAMF7 as upregulated in EZH2i-resistant cells, using chromatin immunoprecipitation profiling to uncover the changes in chromatin landscape remodeling that permit this altered gene expression. Collectively, our data reveal a previously unreported response to the development of EZH2i resistance in DLBCL, while providing strong rationale for pursuing investigation of dual-targeting of EZH2 and SLAMF7 in rrDLBCL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-521
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

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