A collaborative clinical and population-based curriculum for medical students to address primary care needs of the homeless in New York City shelters: Teaching homeless healthcare to medical students

Ramin Asgary, Ramesh Naderi, Margaret Gaughran, Blanca Sckell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Millions of Americans experience homelessness annually. Medical providers do not receive adequate training in primary care of the homeless. Methods Starting in 2012, a comprehensive curriculum was offered to medical students during their family medicine or ambulatory clerkship, covering clinical, social and advocacy, population-based, and policy aspects. Students were taught to: elicit specific social history, explore health expectations, and assess barriers to healthcare; evaluate clinical conditions specific to the homeless and develop plans for care tailored toward patients’ medical and social needs; collaborate with shelter staff and community organizations to improve disease management and engage in advocacy efforts. A mixed methods design was used to evaluate students’ knowledge, attitudes, and skills including pre- and post-curriculum surveys, debriefing sessions, and observed clinical skills. Results The mean age of the students (n = 30) was 26.5 years; 55 % were female. The overall scores improved significantly in knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy domains using paired t‑test (p < 0.01). Specific skills in evaluating mental health, substance abuse, and risky behaviours improved significantly (p < 0.05). In evaluation of communication skills, the majority were rated as having ‘outstanding rapport with patients.’ Conclusions Comprehensive and ongoing clinical component in shelter clinics, complementary teaching, experienced faculty, and working relationship and collaboration with community organizations were key elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-162
Number of pages9
JournalPerspectives on Medical Education
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Curriculum
  • Health disparities
  • Homeless
  • Medical students
  • Primary care

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