Acid absorption in the canine duodenum

H. S. Himal, J. L. Werther, M. L. Chapman, H. D. Janowitz, J. Rudick

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Alterations in composition of isosmotic acid solutions were studied in exteriorized segments of the proximal (Brunner's gland area) and distal canine duodenum, mounted in lucite chambers. Varying concentrations of HCl (40, 80, 120, 160 mEq/l) made isotonic by the addition of NaCl were instilled into the chamber, removed in 15 minutes and analyzed for volume, electrolytes, protein content and osmolality. Both proximal and distal duodenal mucosa modified the instilled solution with a loss of H+ and a gain in Na+ and K+, which occurred at similar rates independent of the acid concentration of the instilled solution. The rate of ionic movement was twice that for the antrum, and 30-100 times that of the fundus. Calculated H+ loss across the entire duodenal mucosa at these rates could account for 17.5% of the peak acid output from the canine stomach. The loss of H+ could not be accounted for on the basis of neutralization and probably represented transmucosal insorption. In addition to the neutralization of gastric acid by pancreatic juice and bile, duodenal mucosa thus plays an important role in the maintenance of intraluminal pH. Duodenal mucosal permeability to H+ may be related to the vulnerability of the duodenal mucosa to acid peptic ulceration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-487
Number of pages7
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

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