Accurate protamine:heparin matching (not just smaller protamine doses) decreases postoperative bleeding in cardiac surgery; results from a high-volume academic medical center

Michael W. Vespe, Marc E. Stone, Hung Mo Lin, Yuxia Ouyang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A multidisciplinary Quality Assurance/Performance Improvement study to identify the incidence of “heparin rebound” in our adult cardiac surgical population instead detected a thromboelastometry pattern suggestive of initial protamine overdose in 34% despite Hepcon-guided anticoagulation management. Analysis of our practice led to an intervention that made an additional lower-range Hepcon cartridge available to the perfusionists. Methods: One year later, an IRB-approved retrospective study was conducted in >500 patients to analyze the effects of the intervention, specifically focusing on the impact of the initial protamine dose accuracy and 18-h mediastinal chest tube drainage (MCTd). Results: No differences were observed between group demographics, surgical procedures, duration of CPB or perioperative blood product transfusion. Both groups were managed using the same perfusion and anesthesia equipment, strategies, and protocols. The median initial protamine dose decreased by 19% (p <.001) in the intervention group (170 [IQR 140–220] mg; n = 295) versus the control group (210 [180–250] mg; n = 257). Mean 18-h MCTd decreased by 13% (p <.001) in the intervention group (405.15 ± 231.54 mL; n = 295) versus the control group (466.13 ± 286.73 mL; n = 257). Covariate-adjusted mixed effects model showed a significant reduction of MCTd in the intervention group, starting from hour 11 after surgery (group by time interaction p =.002). Conclusion: Though previous investigators have associated lower protamine doses with less MCTd, this study demonstrates that more accurately matching the initial protamine dose to the remaining circulating heparin concentration reduces postoperative bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPerfusion (United Kingdom)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • anticoagulation
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • heparin
  • hepcon
  • protamine
  • protamine titration

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Accurate protamine:heparin matching (not just smaller protamine doses) decreases postoperative bleeding in cardiac surgery; results from a high-volume academic medical center'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this