Accuracy of Eyewitness Identification is significantly associated with performance on a standardized test of face recognition

Charles A. Morgan, Gary Hazlett, Madelon Baranoski, Anthony Doran, Steven Southwick, Elizabeth Loftus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study assessed the relationship between Eyewitness Accuracy regarding a person met under conditions of high stress and performance on a standardized, neutral test of memory for human faces. Method: Fifty-three U.S. Army personnel were exposed to interrogation stress. Forty-eight hours later, participants were administered the Weschler Face Test and then asked to identify the one interrogator who they had encountered 48 h earlier. Results: A significant positive relationship was observed between performance on the Weschler Face Test and performance on the Eyewitness task. Inaccurate eyewitnesses exhibited more False Negative errors when performing the Weschler Face Test. Discussion: Trait ability to remember human faces may be related to how accurately people recall faces that are associated with highly emotional circumstances. Detection probability methods, such as ROC curve analyses, may be of assistance to forensic examiners, the police, and the courts, when assessing the probability that eyewitness evidence is accurate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-223
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Accuracy of Eyewitness Identification is significantly associated with performance on a standardized test of face recognition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this