Accessory cell function of airway epithelial cells

Erwin Oei, Thomas Kalb, Prarthana Beuria, Matthieu Allez, Atsushi Nakazawa, Miyuki Azuma, Michael Timony, Zanetta Stuart, Houchu Chen, Kirk Sperber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously demonstrated that airway epithelial cells (AECs) have many features of accessory cells, including expression of class II molecules CD80 and CD86 and functional Fcγ receptors. We have extended these studies to show that freshly isolated AECs have mRNA for cathepsins S, V, and H [proteases important in antigen (Ag) presentation], invariant chain, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DM-α and HLA-DM-β, and CLIP, an invariant chain breakdown product. A physiologically relevant Ag, ragweed, was colocalized with HLA-DR in AECs, and its uptake was increased by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IFN-γ treatments, which had no effect on CD80 and CD86 expression. We demonstrate the presence of other costimulatory molecules, including B7h and B7-H1, on AECs and the increased expression of B7-H1 on AECs after treatment with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IFN-γ. Finally, we compared T cell proliferation after allostimulation with AECs and dendritic cells (DCs). The precursor frequency of peripheral blood T cells responding to AECs was 0.264% compared with 0.55% for DCs. DCs stimulated CD45RO+, CD45RA+, CCR7+ and CCR7-CD4+, and CD8+ T cells, whereas AECs stimulated only CD45RO+, CD45RA-, CCR7-, CD4+, and CD8+ T cells. There was no difference in cytokine production, type of memory T cells stimulated (effector vs. long-term memory), or apoptosis by T cells cocultured with AECs and DCs. The localization of AECs exposed to the external environment may make them important in the regulation of local immune responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L318-L331
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume287
Issue number2 31-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Dendritic cells
  • Immune responses
  • Lymphocytes
  • Ragweed

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