Abnormalities in Left Ventricular Rotation Are Inherent in Young Children with Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot and Are Independent of Right Ventricular Dilation

Ruchika Karnik, Santosh C. Uppu, Meghan Tozzi, John Doucette, Irene D. Lytrivi, Miwa Geiger, Berthold Klas, Ira A. Parness, Rajesh Shenoy, Hari Rajagopal, Shubhika Srivastava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in older children and adults with repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (rToF). Pulmonary regurgitation (PR), right ventricular (RV) dilation, and dysfunction have been shown to result in abnormal LV myocardial mechanics and dysfunction. The aim of our study was to evaluate LV rotational mechanics, especially apical rotation in young children with rToF with and without RV dilation. This is a retrospective, single center study in 28 asymptomatic young children with rToF (16 with RV dilation; 12 without RV dilation); 29 age-matched normal controls. RV and LV systolic and diastolic function was studied using conventional two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). Rotational mechanics studied included basal and apical rotation (BR, AR), peak twist (calculated by difference between the apical and basal rotation), twist rate (TR), and untwist rate (UnTR). The mean age of the cohort was 4.7 years (± 2.3). Abnormal AR, BR, TR, and UnTR were noted in patients with rToF. The abnormalities were significant in magnitude as well as the direction of rotation; more pronounced in the absence of RV dilation. LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction as evidenced by abnormal AR and degree of untwist is inherent in rToF and not associated with RV dilation in rToF children. Abnormal BR may reflect a lack of maturation to adult type of rotational mechanics. Further longitudinal studies are required to study the progression of these abnormalities and their correlation with clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1172-1180
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Apical rotation
  • Basal rotation
  • Biventricular function
  • Repaired tetralogy of fallot
  • Twist
  • Untwist rate

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